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Consider the following Venn diagrams Diagram 1 Di


Union of Sets is different from Universal Set as it includes all elements belonging to either set or both. The universal set of all possible outcomes in rolling a six-sided die is . The set of all possible elements that can be used in a given context. Universal Set is represented by arectangle in Venn Diagrams. The Empty Set is recognized as the complement of the Universal Set.

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Let’s have a synopsis of the uses of Set Theory and its Applications in Problems. If at all A is a finite set then the number of elements in Set A is given by n. The above diagram depicts the relationship between sets when neither A ⊂ B nor B ⊂ A. Learn about the difference of sets in various cases like A – B when neither A ⊂ B nor B ⊂ A, when A and B are disjoint Sets in the below modules.

If the universal set is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and set A is 1, 3, 5, what is the complement of set A?

Simple Venn diagrams are used in the classroom to show college students logical group of their thoughts. A universal Set is defined as a set that incorporates all the elements or objects of other Sets including its elements. N in the above Venn Diagram formula represents the Number of elements in Set X.

When two sets are brought together to analyze their relationships, it is called the Union of Sets . When the aspects of the two concepts overlap, it is called the Intersection of Sets . These are the most common terms one may come across while applying Venn Diagrams. They show all of the attainable mathematical or logical relationships between units . Such logical diagrams, in addition to making the data look well presented, also allow you to understand the information very easily.

The Above Venn Diagram is A U B when neither A is a subset of B or B is a subset of A. Union of Sets using Venn Diagrams in different cases like Disjoint Sets, A ⊂ B or B ⊂ A, neither subset of A or B is explained in the below figures. The Following Venn Diagrams show the Relationship between Sets. The Relation between them is explained with a description below the diagram. Now 2, 3 and 7 are the only elements of U which do not belong to A. Symbolically, we write A′ to denote the complement of A with respect to U.


Union of two sets contains any elements that are in the first set OR in the second set. Intersection of two sets contains only elements that are in BOTH sets . The sets \(\left( \right)\) , \(\left( \right)\) and \(\left( \right)\) are mutually disjoint sets. Express in set notation the subset shaded in the Venn diagram. CAT Venn Diagram is important and useful in logical as well as quant section. As Logical reasoning section contain a total of 20 questions and out of that few questions are from Venn Diagram .

What is a Venn Diagram?

Disjoint units are at all times represented by separate circles. A simple Venn diagram definition would be, a graphic representation of concepts and their relationships using circles. It is known in different names like Set Diagrams and Logic Diagrams. Children start learning the usage of Venn diagrams as early as elementary grades. Set theory is an individual branch of learning in mathematics.

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The shaded portion in Figure indicates the intersection of A and B. Find the number of students who like watching at least two of the given games. Find the number of students who like watching only one of the three given games. Find the ratio of the number of students who like watching only football to those who like watching only hockey. In a survey of 500 students of a college, it was found that 49% liked watching football, 53% liked watching hockey and 62% liked watching basketball. Also, 27% liked watching football and hockey both, 29% liked watching basketball and hockey both and 28% liked watching football and basketball both.


If we have two or more sets, we can use a Venn diagram to show the logical relationship among these sets as well as the cardinality of those sets. In particular, Venn Diagrams are used to demonstrate De Morgan’s Laws. Sometimes a rectangle, known as the Universal set, is drawn around the Venn diagram to characterize the house of all attainable things under consideration. There is no formula to determine the universal Set, we simply have to represent all the elements in a single Set which is collectively known as the universal Set. There is no standard symbol used to represent a universal Set. U represents the universal set that includes all the elements or objects of other Sets including its elements.


Since linguistics is a scientific study of language, it also deals with large amounts of Data, so there is a need to graphically represent that Data. A is the subSet of B, therefore, we will draw a small circle A inside the big circle B. A ∩ B implies that we have to shade the common portion of A and B. It is suggested to fill the Venn Diagram with all the possible elements that are intersecting in 2 or more 2 Sets as shown below.

Venn Diagram is an illustration made using shapes, especially circles to represent relationships, differences and similarities between two or more concepts. The usage of Venn Diagrams can be tracked in studies as early as the 1200s employed by philosopher Ramon Lull. Most of the relationships between sets can be represented by means of diagrams which are known as Venn diagrams.

Operation on sets

In CAT and other MBA entrance exams, questions asked from this topic involve 2 or 3 variable only. Therefore, in this article we are going to discuss problems related to 2 and 3 variables. Let’s take a look at some basic formulas for Venn diagrams of two and three elements. Additionally, they suggest to deal with singular statements as statements about set membership.

Using Venn diagrams permits kids to sort data into two or three circles which overlap in the center. You indicate parts in a set by putting brackets round them. F. Edwards, Branko Grünbaum, Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (a.k.a. Lewis Carroll) developed extended implications of Venn diagrams.

Although Venn Diagrams are commonly used to represent intersection, union, and complements of Sets, they can also be used to represent subsets. Consider two sets, P and Q, then the intersection of P and Q contains all the common elements that belong to set P and Q. These diagrams in general have circles enclosed within a rectangle box. The circles may be overlapping, intersecting or non-intersecting depending on the relationships within the given data set.

These are widely used in venn diagram symbols theory, logical reasoning, mathematics, industries to present their assets, in the teaching sector, statistics and so on. In this heading, you will learn about the Venn diagram in sets with some most commonly used operations. These diagrams consist of rectangles and closed curves usually circles. The universal set is represented by rectangle and its subsets by circles. The overlapping region or intersection would then represent the set of all wooden tables. Shapes aside from circles can be employed as shown beneath by Venn’s personal higher set diagrams.

Venn diagrams are particularly useful for showing relationships between units, as we will see within the examples below. First, we will use a Venn diagram to search out the intersection of two units.The intersection of two sets is all the elements they’ve in frequent. The Venn diagrams on two and three units are illustrated above.

In particular, Venn Diagrams are used to show De Morgan’s Laws. Venn diagrams are additionally useful in illustrating relationships in statistics, probability, logic, and more. So, in the music and science class example, the intersection is indicated in grey and means that Tyler and Leo are in each your music and science classes.

A Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation contains 30% weightage in CAT exams. A Venn diagram is a diagram that reveals all attainable logical relations between a finite assortment of various units. The points inside a curve labelled S represent components of the set S, whereas points exterior the boundary characterize elements not in the set S. Scientific Research is another area in which Venn Diagrams are heavily used. A lot of scientific research is generally concerned with answering questions related to scientific phenomena, concepts, and theories.

There can be many questions formed on these kinds of sets. But you can easily solve them using little manipulation and basic addition and subtraction. With a little practice, you can easily and quickly solve questions of sets either using Venn diagrams. A universal set is the set of all possible elements that can be used in a given context. The elements within the universal set are unique and not repeated.

  • The Following Venn Diagrams show the Relationship between Sets.
  • Venn diagrams are particularly useful for showing relationships between units, as we will see within the examples below.
  • Venn diagrams enable students to organise information visually so they are able to see the relationships between two or three sets of items.
  • Sets are defined as well-organized collections of elements in Maths.
  • The ∩ symbol is the opposite of ∪ and it points towards the intersection relation.
  • Set theory is an individual branch of learning in mathematics.

A Venn diagram consists of multiple overlapping closed curves, often circles, each representing a set. The factors inside a curve labelled S symbolize parts of the set S, while factors exterior the boundary symbolize parts not in the set S. The Venn diagram template has a rectangle inside which two or more circles are drawn.

Euler diagrams include only the actually attainable zones in a given context. In Venn diagrams, a shaded zone could characterize an empty zone, whereas in an Euler diagram the corresponding zone is missing from the diagram. For instance, if one set represents dairy merchandise and another cheeses, the Venn diagram incorporates a zone for cheeses that aren’t dairy products.

As it includes every item, we can refer to it as ‘ the universal Set’. It means that every other Set that is drawn inside the rectangle represents the Universal Set. Venn Diagrams are used in mathematics to divide all possible number types into groups. Venn Diagrams are used in different fields such as linguistics, business, statistics, logic, mathematics, teaching, computer science etc.

The purpose of Venn circles is to demonstrate comparisons and contrasts between concepts with more clarity and visuals. The set of all elements or members of related sets is called a universal set and is commonly represented by the symbols E or U. For instance, in studies related to the population of humans, the universal set can be defined as the set of all individuals in the world. Meanwhile, the set of individuals in each country can be considered a subset of this universal set. A rectangle representing the universal set starts with each Venn diagram.

They are a part of the curriculum at school where kids learn different Venn Diagram formulas to derive solutions. Data patterns can be identified through Venn diagrams which are helpful in learning probabilities and correlations. Sets are defined as well-organized collections of elements in Maths. Intersection Operation between Three Sets A, B, C is given above. The Shaded Region includes the elements that are in Sets A, B, C. Intersection of Sets using Venn Diagrams in different cases like Disjoint Sets, A ⊂ B or B ⊂ A, neither subset of A or B is explained in the below figures.

These diagrams depict components as factors in the aircraft, and sets as areas inside closed curves. The drawing is an example of a Venn diagram that shows the relationship among three overlapping units X, Y, and Z. The intersection relation is defined as the equal of the logic AND. The intersection of three Sets X, Y, and Z is the group of elements that are included in all the three Sets X, Y, and Z. Let us understand the Venn Diagram for 3 Sets with an example below. A Venn Diagram is a diagram that is used to represent all the possible relations of different Sets.

Complement of a set denotes the elements that do not belong to the set. For example Complement of Set A is anything present in the Universe but not in Set A. The cardinality of the union of sets is the sum of the cardinalities of the individual sets, minus the cardinality of their intersection.

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